“PASTE” is an alternative assessment device for ___________.Select one:A. Cardiac patientsB. Hit patientsC. Respiratory patientsD. Seizure patients
A 30-year-old masculine presents through acute shortness of breath, prevalent hives, and facial swelling. That denies any past medical background and take away no medications. Throughout your assessment, girlfriend hear wheezing over every the lung fields. His blood pressure is 90/50 mm Hg and also his heart rate is 110 beats/min. In addition to providing him high-flow oxygen, the MOST essential treatment because that this patient is:Select one:A. Albuterol.B. One antihistamine.C. A beta-antagonist.D. Epinephrine.
A 59-year-old male through a history of emphysema complains of one acute worsening the his dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain complying with a forceful cough. Your assessment reveals that he has a barrel-shaped chest, unilaterally decreased breath sounds, and tachycardia. What is the many likely cause of this patient"s condition?Select one:A. Exacerbation the his COPDB. Acute pulmonary embolismC. Voluntary pneumothoraxD. Rupture the the diaphragm
A pleural effusion is most accurately defined as:Select one:A. A unilaterally collapsed lung.B. A bacterial infection of the lung tissue.C. Diffusive collapsing the the alveoli.D. Fluid build-up outside the lung.
Asthma is resulted in by a an answer of the:Select one:A. Cardiovascular system.B. Respiratory system.C. Immune system.D. Endocrine system.
Crackles (rales) are brought about by _________.Select one:A. Narrowing of the top airwaysB. Air passing v fluidC. Mucus in the larger airwaysD. Major bronchoconstriction
His parents tell you that their boy has had actually a chest infection for the past two days and also when they took him to their family doctor, they to be told it to be likely because of the respiratory tract syncytial virus (RSV). They have actually kept him fine hydrated, but the infection appears to have gained worse. On auscultation, girlfriend hear diminished air entrance bilaterally with fine expiratory wheezes and the sometimes coarse wet crackle. Based on this information, her patient is most likely suffering from:Select one:A. Pertussis.B. Bronchiolitis.C. Epiglottitis.D. Croup.
In order for reliable pulmonary gas exchange to occur:Select one:A. The pulmonary capillaries should be totally constricted and the alveoli need to be collapsed.B. There must be low amounts of pulmonary surfactant to permit for full alveolar expansion.C. The portion of inhaled carbon dioxide need to exceed the portion of inhaled oxygen.D. Oxygen and carbon dioxide must have the ability to freely diffuse throughout the alveolar–capillary membrane.
In what area the the lung does respiration occur?Select one:A. CapillariesB. TracheaC. BronchiD. Alveoli
Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) would MOST likely be contraindicated in i beg your pardon of the adhering to situations?Select one:A. Pulmonary edema, history of hypertension, and also anxietyB. Conscious and also alert patient through an oxygen saturation that 85%C. Shortness of breath and also a blood pressure of 76/56 mm HgD. An obstacle breathing, two-word dyspnea, and tachycardia
When auscultating the lungs of a patient v respiratory distress, girlfriend hear adventitious sounds. This means that the patient has:Select one:A. Common breath sounds.B. Lessened breath sounds.C. Abnormal breath sounds.D. An lack of breath sounds.
Which that the following problems would be the very least likely to result in hypoxia?Select one:A. Severe anxietyB. Pleural effusionC. Pulmonary edemaD. Narcotic overdose
Which of the following is a genetic disorder the predisposes the patience to recurring lung infections?Select one:A. Celiac sprueB. Multiple sclerosisC. Cystic fibrosisD. Significant acute respiratory syndrome
Which that the complying with is many characteristic of adequate breathing?Select one:A. 24 breaths/min through bilaterally same breath sounds and also pink skinB. 30 breaths/min v supraclavicular retractions and clammy skinC. 20 breaths/min v shallow activity of the chest wall and pallorD. 22 breaths/min v an irregular sample of breathing and also cyanosis
Which of the complying with must be assessed in every respiratory tract patient?Select one:A. Blood glucose levelsB. Orthostatic vital signsC. Distal pulse, motor, sensationD. Lung sounds
While auscultating one elderly woman"s breath sounds, you hear low-pitched “rattling” sounds at the bases the both of her lungs. This detect is MOST regular with i beg your pardon of the following conditions?Select one:A. Acute asthma attackB. Aspiration pneumoniaC. At an early stage pulmonary edemaD. Prevalent atelectasis
You are assisting one asthma patient through his prescribed metered-dose inhaler. ~ the patience takes a deep breath and depresses the inhaler, friend should:Select one:A. Enable him to breathe room air and assess his oxygen saturation.B. Advise him to breath forcefully to ensure medicine absorption.C. Instantly reapply the oxygen mask and reassess his condition.D. Instruct him to organize his breath because that as lengthy as he comfortable can.
You room attending to a 3-year-old masculine patient that is presenting with serious shortness of breath. His parents report the he has had a cough and also cold v a short grade heat for the past two days. They became worried today, as his level of distress has actually increased dramatically. Top top assessment, the patience is sitting upright and making high-pitched noises with each breath. Based on this information, the patient is most most likely suffering from:Select one:A. Inflammation that the bronchioles.B. Inflammation the the lower respiratory tract and also bronchospasm.C. Viral epidemic of the top respiratory tract.D. Bacterial epidemic of the epiglottis.
You room attending come a 54-year-old female patience in a homeless shelter. The patient tells you that she had the flu a pair of main ago, and also she has actually not gotten over it. She has been tired and keeps waking up at night, sweating. She has been coughing up eco-friendly sputum occasionally and has been experiencing episodes that chest pain that obtain worse when she breathes. Based on this information, your patient is most likely suffering from:Select one:A. Influenza form A.B. Chronic obstructive pulmonary an illness (COPD).C. Pneumonia.D. Tuberculosis.
Your patient has actually a chronic respiratory condition. His stimulus to breathe is prompted by low oxygen levels in the blood. This is recognized as the ___________.Select one:A. CO2 driveB. COPD driveC. Hypoxic driveD. Alternating drive