Account Types

Transactions can be summarized into comparable group or accounts. A agency compiles a list of account to make the chart of accounts. Need much more information about what an account is? watch this quick video.

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The video explained that accounts room like file folders. What space some things a firm might have? A agency might have actually cash or a checking account, invoices for money we will receive from customers later, bills we need to pay, and also we could own property favor land, structure or equipment. We have actually 5 an easy categories because that accounts:

Asset: other a company has or ownsLiability: Something us owe to a non-ownerEquity: Something us owe to the owners or the value of the invest to the ownerRevenue: value of the products we have sold or the services we have performedExpenses: costs of law business

Let’s watch at each one individually. We will certainly look at the broad picture of each classification as friend will discover the details later on in the course.

Assets: Assets are something you own or have actually and they are resources you suppose to obtain a advantage from in the future. Depending upon the nature that the organization there are countless things that can be classified together assets.

Some examples of legacy are:

Cash (refers come the organization cash available but can likewise be a check or savings account)Office gives or various other prepaid costs (any expenses the service pays in advance)Accounts unification (amount us will obtain from customers at a later on date)Inventory (items us intend to sell later)Equipment (value of tools purchased)Building (value of structure purchased)Land (value of floor purchased)

Liabilities: Liabilities are something that service owes to a non-owner (debt and also business obligations). Legal responsibility can quickly be established as the account will many often end in words “payable” due to the fact that it is other we must pay someone in the future.

Some instances of legal responsibility are:

Accounts Payable (bills the firm must pay)Sales taxation Payable (sales tax obligations)Wages Payable (obligations to employee for work-related performed),Payroll counting Payable (obligations payment on a monthly or quarterly to state, local or federal agencies)Unearned Revenue (down payments obtained on work-related to be perfect in the future)Mortgage Payable (for instance mortgage on business property)Notes Payable (business financial responsibilities from signing a promissory note).

Equity: equity accounts represent the worth of the owner’s investment in the company. The equity accounts room different based on the kind of company.

For sole-proprietorship and also partnership, a Capital account is offered to record the invest of the owners and income earned by the company. A Withdrawal (or drawing) account is used when the owner take away money out for an individual use.For corporations, a Common Stock account is provided to record the investment of the owners. A Retained Earnings account is offered to document the revenue of a corporation and to record when income are given ago to the owners in the form of dividends.

Revenues represent the value of the products or solutions provided. Thanks to the revenue acknowledgment principle, we record revenue as soon as we actually do the work-related by performing a business or transporting a product. Instances of revenue accounts include:

Service Revenue (revenue from completing a service, might be certain like plumbing business revenue, audit service revenue, photography business revenue, etc.)Sales Revenue (value of products you sell)Interest Revenue (value of attention earned on invest or bank accounts)

Expenses are prices to the agency and reflect the outflow of money. What matters is have we occurs or used the expense. These costs represent the all costs of act business and are used in stimulate to create the revenue. Instances of expenses accounts encompass (notice how most expense accounts end in the word “expense”):

Cost of products Sold (what we paid for inventory we have sold)Utilities expense (cost the utilities)Wages cost (cost of employee’s earnings)Rent expense (cost of renting office an are or equipment)Supplies cost (cost of provides used)Insurance expense (cost of insurance used)Advertising expense (cost of advertising)Bank Fees cost (cost of bank fees fee by the bank)

Below is an instance of a graph of account for metro Courier, Inc. Which is a corporation. Notification how the graph is noted in the order of Assets, Liabilities, Equity, Revenue and Expense. This order renders it straightforward to finish the gaue won statements. Click metro COA for a printable copy.

Metro Courier Inc.

See more: Without Government Regulation, Natural Monopolies Always Earn Zero Profit In The Long Run.

Chart of Accounts
Account NameAccount Type
Accounts ReceivableAsset
Prepaid RentAsset
Office EquipmentAsset
Accounts PayableLiability
Interest PayableLiability
Wages PayableLiability
Sales taxation PayableLiability
Unearned RevenueLiability
Income taxation PayableLiability
Social protection Tax PayableLiability
Mortgage PayableLiability
Notes PayableLiability
Common StockEquity
Retained EarningsEquity
Service RevenueRevenue
Interest RevenueRevenue
Utilities ExpenseExpense
Rent ExpenseExpense
Supplies ExpenseExpense
Wages ExpenseExpense
Taxes ExpenseExpense
Insurance ExpenseExpense
Bank Fees ExpenseExpense


You can create your own understand chart of accounts for use in this course and build ~ above it as we walk along. Girlfriend should have the ability to complete the account form column and also some the the account descriptions. Click Chart that Accounts to accessibility a google spreadsheet that you can download and also use throughout the course.