Early ~ above June 13, Lee"s videttes found that give had left.Confederate scouts probed two miles behind the north earthworks andfound no authorize of the enemy. Approve had steal his march on Lee. Whetherthe Federals intended come strike towards Richmond from below theChickahominy or to cross the James and also attack Petersburg to be unclear tothe Confederates. "Marse Robert, who knew every little thing knowable, walk notappear to know simply what his old opponent proposed to do," a Confederatequipped.

You are watching: Army of the james

*
(click on image for a PDF version)
THE gyeongju FOR PETERSBURG, JUNE 12-15Shifting his fist away indigenous Lee and also Richmond, Grant starts aswift motion south come the critical Confederate rail and also supply hub atPetersburg. With Warren spanning his flank in ~ Riddell"s Shop, Grantrapidly moves the army south come the James River, cross at Wilcox"sLanding and also Weyanoke point during the evening of June 14-15. Lee,having dispatched early on to the Shenandoah Valley and most of his cavalryto go after Sheridan, is slow to react to Grant"s southward movement. Bynightfall ~ above June 14, however, Lee has actually correctly deduced Grant"sintentions and makes prepare to assist Beauregard in the defense ofPetersburg.
Puzzled as to Grant"s whereabouts, Lee sent out his army scrambling southacross the Chickahominy along the Charles City Road. His prompt goalwas to protect the approaches to Richmond phibìc of the James. As the daywarmed, reports native Confederate mounties confirmed a strong Unionpresence in ~ Riddell"s Shop. So late in the afternoon, sharpshooters fromHill"s Corps dueled Chapman"s dismounted cavalry, driving them eastthrough Riddell"s Shop to Crawford"s entrenchments. "The hardest fightwe have had for a long time," among Chapman"s troopers scrawled in hisdiary.Nightfall carried a halt to the Confederate attack and saved Warren,who confronted Lee"s entire army with no assistance within miles. Lee, however,failed to master Warren"s perilous situation and contented himself withprobing the 5th Corps line. The military of northern Virginia encampedalong a line to run from White Oak Swamp southern to Malvern Hill, theThird Corps on the left and also the first Corps on the right, controllingthe ideologies to Richmond.Grant, however, had actually no on purpose of attacking north of the James. Heaimed to push throughout the river and also head because that Petersburg. Warren"s screenhad excellent its job well. Covert from Lee"s gaze, Hancock"s troops,following a long and also exhausting march, reached Wilcox"s Landing top top theJames approximately 5:30 P.M. Top top June 13. The Sixth and Ninth Corps, pursuinga somewhat much longer route, bivouacked the evening well toward theriver.By morning top top June 14, Lee construed that he challenged a solitary Unioncorps at Riddell"s Shop and also directed Hill to attack. The quarry,however, had actually escaped. Throughout the night, Warren had resumed his southerlymovement and shifted his left to Samaria Church.
*
ON JUNE 14, ENGINEERS started CONSTRUCTION the A bridge AT WEYANOKE POINT.WHEN COMPLETED, IT compelled 101 PONTOONBOATS and also SPANNED THIS 700-YARDSTRETCH of THE JAMES RIVER. (USAMHI)
Lee stayed baffled. Many of his cavalry was follow Sheridan,making it challenging for him come reconnoiter Grant"s movements. Approve haddisappeared, and Lee can only speculate around where he might emerge.Shortly ~ noon, he informed President Davis the he assumed Grant"must be preparing to relocate south the James River." A few hours later, hespoke with greater certainty. "As much as I have the right to judge native theinformation I have received," the wrote, Genl. Grant has moved his armyto James River." most likely, Lee surmised, that intended to overcome andmove on Petersburg. Exhilaration on the probability, Lee hurried Hoke towardDrewry"s Bluff, whereby he could cross top top a pontoon bridge and aidBeauregard in defending Petersburg. Lee hosted the remainder of his armyin readiness close to Malvern Hill, wait for critical informationabout Grant"s objective.While Lee waited, provide pushed his advantage. Throughout the night ofJune 14-15, boats ferried Hancock"s corps across the James. Unionengineers labored all night to construct a 2,100-foot pontoon bridgeover the flow at nearby Weyanoke. Only thirteen feet wide, thestructure to be an design marvel, built to withstand four-foot tidesand solid currents. The remainder the the Union army crossed the tenuousspan ~ above June 15.

See more: Which Account Does A Merchandiser Use That A Service Company Does Not Use

*
WHILE some of THE military CROSSED DOWNRIVER in ~ WEYANOKE POINT, THE MAJORITYOF GRANT"S pressure WAS FERRIED across THE JAMES RIVER below AT WILCOX"SLANDING. (NA)
The broad river and also the exhilaration attendant to cross itwonderfully enhanced Union spirits. Approve stood watching the spectacle,hands clasped behind his back. "The good bridge was the scene of acontinuous activity of infantry columns, batteries of artillery, andwagon-trains," recounted the aide Horace Porter. "The approaches to theriver ~ above both banks were spanned with masses of troops relocating brisklyto your positions or wait patiently their turn to cross." The scenereflected Porter, "was a matchless pageant that can not failure toinspire all beholders v the grandeur of accomplishment and the majestyof army power."Grant to be satisfied. "All impact of the battle of Cold harbor seemedto have disappeared," that remarked. One of Meade"s aides experienced the generalbreak into a smug smile. "I think the is pretty well to get throughout agreat river, and also come up here and attack Lee in his rear before he isready for us," the remarked.The gyeongju for Petersburg was on.
*
*
*