Don"t be fear of cracking open your desktop PC"s case. Installation a new hard journey is a basic task anyone deserve to accomplish.

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Installing one internal difficult drive is among the more straightforward upgrades the end there—and is frequently a much better option 보다 using outside drives that might be to reduce or misplaced. 

The procedure usually needs no much more than mounting it, connecting a pair of cables, and formatting the journey for use. Still, there space a couple of things you should understand to make installation together smooth as possible. 

Installing a tough drive in your computer doesn’t necessarily follow the exact same procedure together installing an SSD. If did you do it opted because that a solid-state drive, be certain to inspect out our companion guides explaining exactly how to download an SSD in a desktop computer and a laptop. SSDs tend to offer much quicker speeds than hard drives, however hard drives sell significantly more capacity at reduced prices.

Before we dive right into the nitty-gritty details, if you’re searching for a tough drive to download in her computer, these are some highly regarded options. All three spin in ~ 7,200 revolutions per minute (RPM), the fastest speed obtainable in customer hard drives.

Now let’s gain this hard drive set up in your computer.

Drive cages, bays, and mounting options

Internal 3.5-inch difficult disk drives space typically mounted in a journey cage or in an accessible drive bay. Placement and orientation that the cages or bays will differ from instance to case. The most usual location is in ~ the lower front, close to the entry fans and also away from other components. Drive cages/bays will certainly most frequently be an installed perpendicular to the bottom the the chassis, while drives an installed in the cages commonly sit parallel come the bottom of the case.

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Screws room the best way to secure your difficult drive right into your case’s drive cage. Magnet-tipped screw vehicle drivers can help keep friend from dropping screws in difficult-to-reach places.

In mainstream cases, journey connectors will typically allude to the rear. In enthusiast-class cases, that becoming an ext common to check out the drive’s connectors dealing with the appropriate side, making it less complicated to route and hide cables behind the motherboard tray. Part enthusiast-class also cases offer users the capability to eliminate drive cages or to mountain them in various positions to optimize air flow and simplify cable management.

Mounting your difficult drive

Physically mounting the difficult drive in a pc is probably the most challenging part that the surroundings process.

Securing the drive to a cage commonly requires 4 screws on the sides or bottom that the drive. Numerous cases—especially enthusiast cases—use tool-less trays that organize the drives with simple pins and clips.


Some situations come with tool-less brackets that make mounting difficult drives yes, really easy. However, these brackets are regularly less certain than traditional screws.

Using screws is the much more robust mounting method, but tool-less trays room fine for systems that i will not ~ be moved approximately much.


This tough drive is flipped upside-down to present its parts. Seven of the 10 screw holes space circled in red, when SATA power and also data relationships are circled in blue and also green, respectively.

Drives last much longer when they stay nice and cool. When mounting cd driver in a system, shot to leave together much space between castle as possible to maximize air flow over the tops and bottoms. Positioning the drives directly in former of an intake fan also helps.

Connect the hard drives with SATA

Once the journey is mounted, connecting it to your device is quick and easy.

Virtually all new desktop hard drives sold today use the SATA user interface (unless you’re handling servers). SATA uses simple cables that are keyed come fit on the drive and also motherboard connector one way.

Connect one end of the SATA cable to the drive, and also the other finish to an accessible SATA harbor on her motherboard, and you’re halfway there.

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Some SATA data cables come through L-shaped ends, i m sorry can aid keep cables tidy.

You may discover the SATA cables consisted of with your new drive or motherboard feature different connectors: straight ends or right-angle (L-shaped). Some may have actually metal retention clips, while others do not. The form of the connector makes no distinction in performance.

I favor to usage SATA cables through right-angle connectors top top the journey side, listed there is sufficient clearance between any kind of drives in the system. Making use of right-angle connectors on the motherboard side will certainly will an outcome in blocked ports, since the connector might overlap surrounding ports.

Try to find SATA cables with metal retention clips, because they assist keep the connectors secured. Most SATA 3 (6-gigabit)-compliant cables will normally come with the clips.

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The SATA strength cable link looks similar to the data cable, yet is longer. The connector is keyed come fit just one way.

When you’re excellent connecting the SATA cable, you’ll have actually to connect the drive to your power supply unit (PSU). The SATA strength cable from her PSU, like the SATA data cable, is keyed come fit onto the drive one-way. As lengthy as girlfriend don’t pressure it, there’s yes, really no way to chaos it up.

Prepare the tough drive for use

Once you’ve an installed and linked the drive, power up your system and enter the BIOS/UEFI. You deserve to usually access the BIOS/UEFI by pushing the DEL or F2 keys right after powering up the system. Usually, your mechanism will display screen a message along the lines of “Press DEL to go into Setup.” Consult your motherboard’s hands-on for the exactly key.

In the BIOS, go to the standard mechanism Settings food selection or the Integrated Peripherals > SATA menu to see every one of the drives set up in the system. If every one of your journey controllers are allowed and the drive is properly connected (and functional), it should be detailed in the BIOS. 

If the journey isn’t listed, shut under your PC. Double-check all of the connections, boot into the BIOS and check again. If the drive still isn’t mirroring up and all the relationships are secure, try plugging the SATA data cable into a various port on the motherboard.


The UEFI BIOS will display all difficult drives the are linked correctly and also detected by the system. BIOS and UEFI interfaces can differ based on the motherboard make and also model, so examine your motherboard hands-on or manufacturer website for details.

To confirm that home windows recognizes the drive, open up device Manager. In windows 10, right-click the Windows switch on your desktop computer and pick Device Manager. Examine for the drive in the Disk cd driver section. 

When friend boot right into Windows after installing the drive, you may see the brand-new Hardware uncovered wizard popular music up if the journey is detected. The last point you should do is partition and also format the drive.

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And through that, the drive need to be obtainable for use. If you split the journey up into multiple partitions, you need to see numerous drives appear in document Explorer, each v its very own drive letter and also label.