¿Cuántos? – ¿Cuántas?
CUÁNTO, CUÁNTOS, CUÁNTA, CUÁNTAS are used as soon as we desire to understand HOW many or how MUCH the something there is. This interrogatives (question words) are provided for counting or measure up something.
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But why space there four forms of this inquiry word?
It depends on the word (normally a noun) that comes after the and whether it is singular or plural, and if it is masculine or feminine. The interrogative requirements to agree in gender and also quantity with the noun that adheres to it.¿Cuánto? + singular woman noun¿Cuántos? + plural masculine noun¿Cuánta? + singular feminine noun¿Cuántas? + plural feminine noun
Examples:¿Cuántos niños hay? = How plenty of boys space there?¿Cuántas niñas hay? = How countless girls are there?¿Cuánto dinero necesito? = exactly how much money perform I need?¿Cuántos libros hay? = just how many books are there?¿Cuánta ropa tienes? = just how much clothes do you have?¿Cuántas horas trabajaste ayer? = How numerous hours go you work-related yesterday?
Just like other question words in Spanish, one of the vowels has actually an accent note (tilde) over it, in this instance the first letter A.
These interrogatives can also appear alone (without a noun ~ it) though they still refer to a noun.
If you room talking around apples (manzanas) and also you space asked How many? … you understand they are asking about How countless apples, even though the word apples is not included to the question. The same happens in Spanish. The person may just say ¿Cuántas? without the word manzanas ~ it. Note how that interrogative ends in -AS (cuántAS) due to the fact that we are talking around manzanAS (plural feminine noun). (We don’t say the noun again to prevent repetition)
Let’s look at examples of every one…
Cuánto is normally followed by a masculine noun in singular kind (or through uncountable nouns). It means How much?
For example:¿Cuánto dinero necesitas? – (How lot money carry out you need?)¿Cuánto chocolate comes? – (How lot chocolate do you eat?)
Cuánto can additionally be complied with by a verb.
For example:¿Cuánto vale? – (How lot is it?)¿Cuánto cuesta la bicicleta? – (How lot does the cycle cost?)¿Cuánto estudias? – (How much do friend study?)¿Cuánto pesas? – (How much do friend weigh?)¿Cuánto pagaste por tu pelota? – (How lot did you salary for your ball?)
When cuanto is used with tiempo or the verb durar, that refers to how LONG (duration the time) miscellaneous is.¿Cuánto tiempo estuviste en Chile? – (How long to be you in Chile?)¿Cuánto tiempo necesitas? – (How long perform you need?)¿Cuánto durará la prueba? – (How long will the check be?)
More examples of concerns using Cuánto¿Cuánto dinero tienes? – (How much money execute you have?)¿Cuánto dura la película? – (How lengthy does the movie last?)
Cuántos is normally complied with by a masculine noun in plural form. It means How many?
Examples of questions using Cuántos¿Cuántos libros necesito? – (How plenty of books do i need?)¿Cuántos hijos tienes? – (How many kids do friend have?)¿Cuántos cuartos hay en tu casa? – (How numerous rooms are there in your house?)
When Cuántos is complied with by años, it method How old…?(In Spanish you use tener rather of to be when giving an age.)¿Cuántos años tienes? – (How old space you?)
Cuánta is normally adhered to by a feminine noun in singular form. The means How much?
Examples of concerns using Cuánta¿Cuánta paciencia tiene la profesora? – (How much patience does the teacher have?)¿Cuánta leche quieres? – (How lot milk do you want?)¿Cuánta comida tienes? – (How lot food carry out you have?)¿Cuánta nieve hay? – (How lot snow is there?)¿Cuánta harina necesitas? – (How lot flour perform you need?)
Cuántas is normally followed by a feminine noun in plural form. It means How many?
Examples of inquiries using Cuántas¿Cuántas manzanas hay? – (How plenty of apples room there?)¿Cuántas personas ves? – (How many world do you see?)¿Cuántas personas vienen? – (How many people are coming?)¿Cuántas familias hay? – (How countless families are there?)¿Cuántas horas trabajas cada día? – (How plenty of hours carry out you occupational every day?)
Irregular Nouns with Cuántos
You need to be careful with irregular nouns that end in an -O yet are feminine or end in an -A yet are masculine.
For example:mano ends in one O though is a feminine word (LA mano).mapa ends in one A though is a masculine word (EL mapa).
For these types of nouns, the Interrogative demands to coincide not v the ending of the noun, yet whether that is masculine/feminine or not.
Examples:¿Cuántos problemas tienes? – (How numerous problems perform you have?)¿Cuántas manos? – (How many hands?)¿Cuántos mapas necesitas? – (How plenty of maps carry out you need?)¿Cuántos días hay en febrero? – (How plenty of days are there in February?)
Cuánto v prepositions
Sometimes Cuánto appears v a preposition prior to it in Questions.
See more: Which Of The Following Best Describes Term Life Insurance? Coordination Of Benefits
More around Cuándo with prepositions will be watched in one more lesson.
So, just how do girlfriend say how MUCH or exactly how MANY in Spanish? … ¿Cuánto? ¿Cuántos? ¿Cuánta? or ¿Cuántas?