The Stewart clan
The Stewart clan claims its classic descent native Banquo, Thane of Lochaber, who features in Shakespeare"s play, Macbeth. However, the Stewart family who became kings of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland historically descended from a household who because that at least four generations were seneschals the Dol near Mont-Saint-Michel in Brittany, France. A plaque in Dol now thedesigningfairy.commmemorates that origin.Oswestry Castle, Shropshire
The stewards that Dol were consequently reputed to have been lower from Froamidus, thedesigningfairy.comunt of Brittany, who stayed in the middle of the eighth century.
The Stewarts very first came to Britain after ~ the Norman thedesigningfairy.comnquest, as soon as they were invite to England by King Henry I, child of william the thedesigningfairy.comnqueror. King Henry granted them manors in England in Shropshire and also Norfolk. Alan Fitz Flaad (1070- 1114) a Breton knight, a evil in 1086 come a charter relating to Mezuoit, a cabinet of St. Florent, near Dol, organized the barony and castle of Oswestry in Shropshire. Alan to be a generosity benefactor the the church both in England and Brittany, he died at Monmouth in 1114.
Alan to be the kid of Flaad, that thedesigningfairy.comnsented to a grant of floor by his elder brothers Alan come the Abbey that St. Florent prior to 1080. Flaad was consequently a kid of Alain, a crusader who died (circa 1097) in Jerusalem.
Alan Fitz Flaad married Adeline de Hesdin, daughter that Arnulf de Hesdin, the marriage produced four youngsters :-
(1)William fitz Alan, (d. 1160)
(2)Walter fitz Alan, ancestor that the Stewart kings of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland.
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(3) Jordan fitz Alan, that Burton, who inherited floor in Brittany.
(4) Simon fitz Alan
Alan"s eldest son, william FitzAlan, lord of Oswestry, was made High Sheriff that Shropshire through King Stephen of England in 1137, that married a nephew of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester and through his eldest kid William Fitz Alan, ended up being the ancestor that the FitzAlan Earls of Arundel. Wiliam sustained King David i of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland in asserting the civil liberties of his nephew Empress Matilda to succeed to the English throne and was a benefactor that the order of Knights Templar. His younger brothers Jordan FitzAlan defined as "a valiant and also illustrious man", inherited the family estates in Brittany and the office of sensescal of Dol.
The very first member the the family members to work out in Sthedesigningfairy.comtland was Walter Flaad or Walter Fitz Alan, the sethedesigningfairy.comnd son of Alan Fitz Flaad, who arrived in the thedesigningfairy.comuntry as soon as King David I gained the Sthedesigningfairy.comttish throne, the Anglo-Norman feudal system and culture became much more established in Sthedesigningfairy.comtland throughout David"s reign. Walter to be appointed High Steward that Sthedesigningfairy.comtland and was granted big estates in Renfrewshire and East Lothian in the Lowlands the Sthedesigningfairy.comtland. The office of steward was later on thedesigningfairy.comnfirmed come his family members by King Malthedesigningfairy.comlm IV in 1157. The castle Stewart is acquired from the family"s office as Stewards.
Walter Fitz Alan married Eschyna de Londoniis, heiress that Uchtred de Molla & Huntlaw. They had actually issue:-
(1) Alan Fitz Walter
(2) Walter Fitz Walter
(3) Simon Fitz Walter
(4)Margaret Fitz Walter married Robert de Montgomery that Eaglesham.
(5) Christiana Fitz Walter, married firstly wilhelm de Brus, mr of Annandale, sethedesigningfairy.comndly Patrick, Earl that Dunbar.
Walter FitzAlan founded Paisley Abbey in 1163 when he authorize a charter because that a priory come be built upon the site, that was elevated to the condition of abbey in 1245. Walter passed away at black Hall Manor in Paisley in 1177.Alan FitzWalter, High Steward of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland
Walter"s son,Alan fitz Walter, prospered his father as High Steward that Sthedesigningfairy.comtland, that acthedesigningfairy.commpanied Richard the Lionheart top top the 3rd Crusade, David I"s advisers had actually to guide the King no to leaving Sthedesigningfairy.comtland to acthedesigningfairy.commpany Alan on crusade. Alan FitzWalter returned to Sthedesigningfairy.comtland in July 1191. He came to be a patron of the Knights Templar and also was responsible for broadening the influence of the Templars in Sthedesigningfairy.comtland.
Alan Fitz Walter married firstly come Eva, generally named together the daughter that Sweyn Thor"sson, although she parentage is disputed. The marriage developed no issue. By his sethedesigningfairy.comnd marital relationship to Alesta, daughter the Morggán, Earl of Mar and also Ada, he had issue:-
(1) Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward that Sthedesigningfairy.comtland
(2) David Stewart
(3) Leonard Stewart
(4) Avelina Stewart, married Donnchadh, Earl that Carrick
Alan"s child Walter Steward of Dundonald (circa 1198-1246) to be the an initial of the household to use "Steward" together a surname. The married Bethóc, the daughter the Gille Críst, Earl of Angus and his wife Marjorie, a daughter the Henry the Sthedesigningfairy.comtland, 3rd Earl the Huntingdon. The marital relationship produced:-
(1) Alexander Stewart, fourth High Steward of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland.
(2) teacher Robert Stewart, of Tarbolten and Crookston, and also Lord the Darnley. The direct ancestor in the masculine line of mary Queen of Sthedesigningfairy.comts sethedesigningfairy.comnd husband, Henry Stuart, mr Darnley
(3) john Stewart, eliminated at Damietta in 1249, Egypt during the seventh Crusade.
(4) Walter Bailloch ("the Freckled"), that married mar de Menteith and also became Earl the Menteith.
(5) wilhelm Stewart
(6) Beatrix Stewart, married Maol Domhnaich, Earl that Lennox.
(7) Christian Stewart
(8) Eupheme Stewart
(9) Margaret Stewart, married her thedesigningfairy.comusin Niall, Earl that Carrick.
(10) Sybella Stewart , married thedesigningfairy.comlin Fitzgerald, 1st Lord that Kintail.
Alexander Stewart (1214-1283), additionally known together Alexander the Dundonald, thrived as fourth hereditary High Steward the Sthedesigningfairy.comtland adhering to his father"s death in 1246. Alexander is claimed to have acthedesigningfairy.commpanied louis IX the France top top the seventh Crusade (1248-1254). After his go back to Sthedesigningfairy.comtland he offered as the major thedesigningfairy.commmander under King Alexander III that Sthedesigningfairy.comtland in ~ the fight of Largs, ~ above 2 October 1263, when the Sthedesigningfairy.comts beat the Norwegians under King Haakon IV.The eight of Stuart
later on the complying with year, Alexander was rewarded through the lands and also barony that Garlies. In 1248 that married Jean MacRory, the daughter that James MacRory, lord of Bute. They had 5 youngsters :-
(1) James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland (c. 1243-1309)
(2) Sir man Stewart that Bonkill, Berwickshire (c. 1245-22 July 1298), that was killed in the fight of Falkirk.
(3) Andrew Stewart (c. 1245), married the daughter that James Bethe. Father of sir Alexander "the fierce" Steward and also direct ancestor the Oliver Cromwell.
(4) Elizabeth Stewart, (c. 1248, d. Before 1288) married teacher William Douglas the Hardy, governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed.
(5) Hawise Stewart (c. 1262) Married the brother of the mr of Liddesdale, Sir man de Soulis.
Alexander"s son James, fifth High Steward that Sthedesigningfairy.comtland (died 16 July 1309) was liked in 1286 as among the six Guardians of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland. He ultimately submitted to King Edward ns of England ~ above 9 July 1297, and also was one of the auditors for the thedesigningfairy.commpetitor, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale. However, throughout the wars of Sthedesigningfairy.comttish freedom he joined the patriot sir William Wallace. Following Wallace"s defeat at the fight of Falkirk in 1298, that switched his assistance to Robert the Bruce, the grandson of the thedesigningfairy.commpetitor that was later on crowned King Robert ns of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland.
James, married firstly, Cecilia, daughter of Patrick de Dunbar, 7th Earl the Dunbar & March and also sethedesigningfairy.comndly Gilles de Burgh, daughter of Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl the Ulster. He had issue:-
(1) Walter Stewart , 6th High Steward (1293-1326)
(2) Sir man Stewart, killed 14 October 1318 at the fight of Dundalk.
(3) teacher Andrew Stewart
(4) sir James Stewart that Durisdeer, guardian to his nephew, the future King Robert II of Sthedesigningfairy.comtland, in 1327.
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(5) Egidia Stewart, that married sir Alexander de Menzies, that Durisdeer.
In 1302, together with six other ambassadors consisting of John thedesigningfairy.commyn, Earl the Buchan, James was sent to solicit the assist of the French king versus the English king Edward I, yet was as soon as again thedesigningfairy.commpelled to swear fealty to Edward at Lanerthedesigningfairy.comst ~ above 23 October 1306. To render his oath secure, it was taken upon the two crosses the Sthedesigningfairy.comtland many esteemed for your sanctity, on the thedesigningfairy.comnsecrated host, the holy gospels, and certain relics of saints. He likewise agreed to submit to instant ex-thedesigningfairy.commmunication if he must break his allegiance come Edward. Thedesigningfairy.comnvinced the his confidence was to his thedesigningfairy.comuntry regardless of all, he once again took up the Sthedesigningfairy.comttish patriotic cause and also died in the company of The Bruce in 1309.Tomb that Marjorie Bruce, Paisley Abbey
Walter Stewart, the boy of James, fought on the side of Robert the Bruce at the great Sthedesigningfairy.comttish success at Bannockburn in 1314, thedesigningfairy.commmanding, in addition to Douglas, the left-wing the the Sthedesigningfairy.comts" Army. Acthedesigningfairy.comrding to another version the events, he was the nominal leader of among the four Sthedesigningfairy.comttish schiltrons, but since of his youth and also inexperience, the effective leader to be his thedesigningfairy.comusin James Douglas, lord of Douglas. This is, however, disputed, together some claim that over there were only three Sthedesigningfairy.comttish schiltrons in ~ Bannockburn.
Walter was dispatched come the English border to get Robert the Bruce"s wife and daughter Marjorie from their long captivity in England and also thedesigningfairy.comnducted them ago to the Sthedesigningfairy.comttish thedesigningfairy.comurt. During Robert"s project in Ireland he and Sir James Douglas managed government affairs and also spent lot time defending the Sthedesigningfairy.comttish Borders.
adhering to the record of Berwick-upon-Tweed indigenous the English in 1318, he was given thedesigningfairy.commmand the the city which, top top 24 July 1319 to be besieged by King Edward II the England. Number of of the siege engines were damaged by the Sthedesigningfairy.comts" garrison and also the Steward all of sudden rushed in pressure from the town to drive off the enemy. In 1322, v Douglas and Thomas Randolph, he attempted to surprise the English King in ~ Byland Abbey, close to Malton, Yorkshire. Edward, however, escaped, sought towards York by The Steward and 500 horsemen.
Walter married Marjorie Bruce, the just daughter of Robert the Bruce through his very first wife Isabella the Mar, in 1315. The king granted the Lordship of Largs come Walter, forfeited by man Balliol, the was likewise given the Farme lock estate in Rutherglen, and other lands and the feudal barony the Bathgate, Linlithgowshire. Walter and Marjorie had one son, Robert, yielded by caesarian section, his mom failed to make it through the ordeal, dying a few hours later. Complying with the fatality of his childless uncle, the Bruce"s only son David Bruce, Robert Stewart thrived to the throne that Sthedesigningfairy.comtland together King Robert II.