Chapter 4: Signals, Signs and also Pavement Markings

Traffic control Signals

Traffic signals are placed at intersections to keep traffic moving and also avoid accidents. Drivers, pedestrians, and also bicycle riders need to obey these signals except when one officer is directing traffic. Avoid on the prevent line if your auto is nearest the signal. Some signals adjust only once a vehicle is in ~ the stop line. If website traffic signals room out that order, avoid as you would for a four-way stop sign.

You are watching: Lanes of traffic moving in the same direction are divided by ____ lines

RED

Come come a complete stop in ~ the marked stop heat or prior to moving into the crosswalk or intersection. After ~ stopping, you might turn right on red at most intersections if the method is clear. Some intersections display a "NO rotate ON RED" sign, which you have to obey. Left turns on red indigenous a one-way street right into a one-way street are also allowed.

YELLOW

Stop if girlfriend can. The irradiate will quickly be red.

GREEN

Go — however only if the intersection is clear. Productivity to pedestrians and also vehicles still in the intersection. If turning left, wait for gap in oncoming website traffic to complete turn.

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RED ARROW

Come to a finish stop in ~ the marked stop line or prior to moving into the crosswalk or intersection. After ~ stopping, you might turn appropriate on red arrow at most intersections if the means is clear. Part intersections display screen a "NO turn ON RED" sign, i beg your pardon you have to obey. Left transforms on red arrow from a one-way street right into a one-way street are likewise allowed.

YELLOW ARROW

Stop if you can. The irradiate will quickly be red. The yellow arrow way the same as the yellow light, but uses only to activity in the direction of the arrow.

GREEN ARROW

A environment-friendly arrow, pointing ideal or left, method you may make a turn in the direction the the arrow. If the red light is burn at the very same time, you need to be in the proper lane for such a turn, and also you should yield the right-of-way to vehicles and also pedestrians in ~ the intersection.

FLASHING SIGNALS

A flashing red light method the very same thing together a stop sign. It is offered at danger intersections.A flashing yellow light method you might move forward through caution. That is offered at or just before dangerous intersections, or come alert you come a warning sign such as a school crossing or sharp curve.

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LANE SIGNALS

Lane signals are used:

When the direction of the flow of traffic alters during the day.To present that a toy fee booth is open or closed.To display which lanes are opened up or closed.

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You need to never journey in a lane under a red X. A yellow X way that her lane signal is walk to change to red. Prepare to leaving the roadway safely. You may drive in lanes beneath the green arrow, yet you must also obey all other signs and signals.

Traffic signs — standard Shapes and Colors

There are eight shapes and also eight colour of web traffic signs. Each shape and also each color has precise meaning, therefore you need to acquaint you yourself with every one of them.

GREEN: Guide, directional information.RED: Stop, carry out not enter or dorn way.BLUE: Motorist solutions guidance. Also used to recognize parking spaces for disabled drivers.ORANGE: Construction and maintenance.BROWN: windy recreation areas and also scenic guidance.YELLOW: general warning.WHITE: Regulatory.BLACK: Regulatory.

The form of a roadway sign deserve to tell you as much about the sign"s message as that is color.

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OCTAGON: specifically for prevent signs.HORIZONTAL RECTANGLE: normally for overview signs.TRIANGLE: specifically for yield signs.PENNANT: development warning of no pass zones.

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DIAMOND: specifically to warn of currently or feasible hazards on roads or nearby areas.

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VERTICAL RECTANGLE: normally for regulation signs.

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PENTAGON: School advance and school crossing signs.ROUND: railroad advance warning signs.

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CROSSBUCK: railroad crossing.

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Octagon: Stop

Stop indications are constantly octagonal (8 sided). A stop sign means that girlfriend must carry your automobile to a finish halt in ~ the significant stop line.

If over there is no marked stop line, stop before entering the crosswalk ~ above the close to side of the intersection. If over there is no crosswalk, prevent at a suggest nearest the intersecting roadway whereby you have actually a clear check out of approaching web traffic on the intersecting roadway prior to entering the intersection.

A four-way stop sign way that there are four stop signs at this intersection. Website traffic from all 4 directions have to stop. The first vehicle to reach the intersection should move forward first. If 2 vehicles with the intersection at the very same time, the driver on the left returns to the driver on the right.

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Triangle: Yield

Slow down and give vehicles cross your course the right-of-way. If the means is clear, you might move forward gradually without stopping. Yield indications are usually placed where auxiliary roads lead into major roads.

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Pennant: No Passing

You are entering a no pass zone. This sign is placed on the left side of the road, dealing with the driver.

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Diamond: Warning

Narrow bridge. These indications warn friend of special problems or risks ahead. Native or icons on the sign will present why you should use caution. Check out pages 58-60 for common warning signs.

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Pentagon: school Sign:

This five-sided sign way you are close to a school. Watch for children.

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school Crossing

As you approach this sign, slow-moving down, watch for children crossing the road. Stop if necessary. Obey signal from any crossing guards.

Children Crossing

Slow to posted speed. Watch because that children!

Warning Signs

Here are some typical warning signs. This signs provide you advance an alert of possible hazards ahead. Drive with caution.

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SLIPPERY once WET. In wet weather, journey slowly. Perform not rate up or brake quickly. Make sharp turns at a an extremely slow speed.DIVIDED HIGHWAY AHEAD. The highway front is separated into 2 one-way roadways. Store to the right.DIVIDED HIGHWAY ENDS. The separated highway on which you are traveling ends 350 to 500 feet ahead. You will then it is in on a roadway through two-way traffic. Save to the right.

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LOW CLEARANCE. Do not go into if your car is taller 보다 the height listed on the sign.BICYCLE CROSSING. Alerts you in breakthrough that a bikeway the cross the roadway ahead.MERGING TRAFFIC. You room coming to a suggest where one more traffic roadway joins the one you space on. Clock for other traffic and be ready to yield the right-of-way once necessary.

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PEDESTRIAN CROSSING. Clock for world crossing the street. Slow down or avoid if necessary.NARROW BRIDGE. The leg is vast enough come accommodate two lanes the traffic, yet with very small clearance.DIP. Over there is a low ar in the road. Go slowly and be ready to protect against if the dive is filled v water.

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SOFT SHOULDER. The dust on the side of the road is soft. Don"t leave the pavement other than in one emergency.ONE lane BRIDGE. The leg is vast enough for only one auto at a time. Make certain the leg is clean of oncoming traffic prior to you cross.PAVEMENT ENDS. Road surface ahead transforms from a tough surfaced pavement come a low-type surface or earth road.

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RIGHT CURVE. Slow your speed and keep well to the left. The road will curve to the right.DOUBLE CURVE. The road will curve come the right, then to the left. Slow-moving your speed, save to the right, and do no pass.WINDING ROAD. There are numerous curves ahead. Journey slowly and carefully.

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TRUCK CROSSING. Watch for trucks entering or crossing the highway.CROSS ROAD. A road crosses the main highway ahead. Look come the left and right for various other traffic.SIDE ROAD. Another road start the highway native the direction shown. Watch for traffic from that direction.

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SHARP best TURN. The roadway will make a sharp turn to the right. Slow your speed, save to the right, and do not pass other vehicles.REDUCTION of LANES. There will certainly be under lanes ahead. Traffic need to merge left. Chauffeurs in the left lane should allow others to unify smoothly. Right lane ends.ADVISORY speed SIGN. The greatest safe speed you need to travel approximately the curve front is 25 miles every hour. Advisory speed indicators may be supplied with any kind of diamond-shaped warning sign.

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HILL/DOWNGRADE. Sluggish down and also be ready to transition to lower equipment to control speed and save brakes.YIELD AHEAD. Warning of yield authorize ahead. Slow down and also be prepared to protect against at yield authorize or adjust speed come traffic.TRAFFIC SIGNAL AHEAD. Warning of web traffic signals at intersection ahead. Slow-moving down, poor visibility is likely.

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STOP sign AHEAD. Once you pertained to this sign, slow down to be all set to prevent at the prevent sign check.TWO-WAY web traffic AHEAD. The one-way street or roadway ahead ends. You will then be encountering oncoming traffic.

Rectangle: regulation or Information

These indicators tell friend the law, therefore you must follow your instructions.

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Remember that a red circle with a slash method NO. The sign shows you what is no allowed.

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NO U-TURN. — girlfriend cannot do a complete turn to walk in opposing direction where this sign is displayed. No U-turn.

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You need to not make a appropriate turn in ~ this intersection.

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50 miles every hour is the greatest safest rate you deserve to travel in this area.

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You cannot go directly ahead. You have to turn either to the right or left.

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You room going the wrong means on one expressway leave ramp. Carry out not drive previous this sign. Turn roughly immediately.

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A divided highway is ahead. Remain on the best side that the divider.

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Parking just for vehicles displaying an main permit and also transporting a disabled person.

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You may travel only in the direction of the arrow.

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This authorize lists the maximum encourage safe speed for an enntrance gate or exit on one expressway. Sluggish down to whatever speed is shown.

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You might not turn ideal or left throughout the red light. You need to wait for the signal to rotate green.

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A diamond-shaped noting shows that a roadway is scheduled for details purposes or details vehicles. The lanes room usually scheduled for buses or car-pool vehicles during rush hour traffic. Various other diamond signs are provided to designate bicycle lanes.

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The facility lane is mutual for left turns in both directions of travel.

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You must not pass any type of other vehicles walking in the exact same direction together you are, if you space in this area.

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as soon as you have passed this sign, you room again allowed to pass various other vehicles with care.

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traffic in left lane have to turn left at the intersection ahead.

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stopping permitted only for emergencies.

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You room approaching one area where a diminished speed zone has actually been established.

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in ~ the intersection ahead web traffic in left lane have to turn left and traffic in adjoining lane might turn left or proceed straight ahead.

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This sign is offered on multiple lane highways to advise slow driving web traffic to continue to be in the right hand lane; and likewise to carry out so as soon as approached from behind by various other traffic even if you space doing the rate limit.

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This clues a one-way roadway with traffic coming toward you. You must not enter the one-way roadway at this point.

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You need to not rotate either come the ideal or to the left at this intersection.

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If friend park, you must constantly park turn off the pavement of the highway.

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once entering a appropriate turn lane vehicle drivers will problem with bicycle v movements. Always yield.

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animal CROSSING. The pet pictured on the sign is usual in this area: watch because that this varieties crossing the road an especially during twilight and nighttime hours.

Railroad crossing Signs and Signals

There are numerous signs, signals and pavement markings that suggest highway rail crossings. Once you see one of them, sluggish down and also be all set to stop.

REMEMBER:

Trains cannot prevent quickly. An average freight train travel at 30 MPH requirements a protecting against distance of much more than half a mile. Much longer trains relocating at faster speeds can take one and a fifty percent miles or more to stop.

Any pedestrian or human driving a vehicle and also approaching a railroad highway grade crossing need to stop in ~ 50 feet yet not much less than 15 feet from the nearest rail the the the railroad once the electric or mechanically warning gadgets are flashing, the crossing door is lowered, a person flagger is warning of an approaching train, or an draw close train is clearly visible and also is in near proximity to the railroad highway great crossing. Do not proceed until you can do therefore safely.

PAVEMENT MARKING

Pavement markings, consist of of an RXR complied with by a avoid line closer come the tracks, may be painted on the paved method to a crossing. Any person walking or driving a automobile must protect against within 50 feet but not much less than 15 feet that the crossing. Remain behind the protect against line while waiting for a train come pass.

ADVANCE WARNING SIGN

The advance warning authorize is normally the very first sign you see when approaching a highway-rail intersection. The breakthrough warning sign advises girlfriend to sluggish down, look, and also listen because that a train, and also be ready to prevent if a train is approaching.

CROSSBUCK SIGN

Crossbuck signs are uncovered at highway-rail intersections. They room yield signs. You are legally required to productivity the right of way to trains. Slow-moving down, look and listen for a train, and stop if a train approaches. When the roadway crosses over an ext than one collection of tracks, a sign listed below the crossbuck will show the number of tracks.

FLASHING RED light SIGNALS

At numerous highway-rail crossings, the crossbuck has flashing red lights and also bells. Once the lights begin to flash, stop! A train is approaching. DO NOT prevent ON THE monitor OR WITHIN 6 FEET OF one of two people RAIL. perform not move forward until you can do therefore safely. If there is more than one track, make certain all tracks are clear before crossing. In heavy traffic make certain there is room for your car on the various other side before beginning to cross.

GATES

Many crossings have gates with flashing red lights and bells. Stop as soon as the lights start to flash, and before the gate lowers throughout your next of the road. Do not relocate forward until the gateways are raised and the lights prevent flashing together there may be a train pull close on an surrounding track.

Always technique highway-railroad crossings in ~ a reasonable speed — and be prepared to avoid if you have to. Be particularly alert when you are following buses or van which may have to stop in ~ highway-railroad crossings also if any kind of gates are up and the warning lights space not flashing.

If your car stalls on the tracks don"t hesitate. Obtain yourself and also your passengers out and also away indigenous the automobile immediately. If a collision is imminent, the safest direction is toward the train yet stay turn off the tracks. That method you will certainly be the very least likely to be hit by your vehicle or any kind of debris native the collision.

Construction and also Maintenance Traffic manage Signs

Various traffic regulate devices are used in roadway construction and maintenance work areas to direct drivers and also pedestrians safely with the work site and also to administer for the security of highway workers.Be all set to minimize your speed and use caution once directed to perform so through a sign, flagger and/or police officer.

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Construction and maintenance signs are supplied to notify vehicle drivers of unexplained or perhaps dangerous conditions in or near work areas. Most indications used in highway and also street work areas are diamond shaped.

Channeling Devices

Barricades, upright panels, drums, and also cones space the most generally used devices to alert chauffeurs of unusual or possibly dangerous conditions in highway and street work zones. These gadgets are supplied to guide the chauffeurs safely through the job-related area, and at night, they may be equipped v warning lights. Once a road Closed sign is displayed, execute not journey on this road. Look for a detour or one more route.

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Stripes on barricades and panel devices slope downward in the direction traffic must travel.

Flashing arrowhead Panels

Flashing arrowhead panels are supplied both during the day and at night come give advancement warning and also directional information to chauffeurs where that is essential to move to the best or come the left into an additional lane.

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A horizontal flashing bar indicates a warning — use caution draw close the work area.

Flaggers

Flaggers space often provided in highway and also street occupational zones come stop, slow, or overview traffic safely v the area.

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Flaggers wear orange vests or jackets and use red flags or stop/slow panels to straight traffic through work zones.

Special Signs

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SLOW moving VEHICLEVehicles going much less than 25 miles every hour (such together farm equipment) must display screen this sign on the rear as soon as using public highways.

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GREEN guide SIGNSGreen and also white signs offer information about directions and also distances. Guide signs top top expressways present you i m sorry lanes to use to get where you desire to go.Routes the run typically East-West have even numbers and those to run North-South have actually odd numbers.

BLUE company SIGNS

Blue and white signs straight you come services, such as gas, food, motels and also hospitals. Brown and white signs point out scenic areas and also parks.

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Pavement Markings

Lines, symbols and also words are often painted ~ above a roadway to aid direct drivers and control web traffic flow. Friend must recognize what the various lines and colors mean and obey them together you would certainly traffic indicators or signals.

White and also yellow currently are used along pavement edges and between lanes to keep vehicles in line. This lines may be hard or damaged (long dashes), solitary or double.

Unless you room turning, exiting a highway, or changing lanes, always stay between the lines marking your lane.

Yellow lane Lines

Yellow lane lines separate lanes that traffic relocating in the opposite directions. Single yellow currently may also mark the left sheet of the pavement on separated highways and also one-way streets.

A Broken Yellow Line
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A broken yellow heat separates lanes of traffic relocating in the contrary directions. Continue to be to the best of the line uneven you space passing a auto in prior of you. When passing, you might cross this heat temporarily when it is safe to perform so.Double Yellow Lines: One Solid, One Broken.
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A hard yellow line to the ideal of a broken yellow facility line method passing or cross is prohibition in that lane, except when turning left. If the broken line is closer come you, then you deserve to the broken line only to pass an additional vehicle and also only when it is for sure to carry out so.Double heavy Yellow Lines
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Double, hard yellow present prohibit vehicles relocating in either direction from cross the lines. You might not cross this lines unless transforming left once it is safe to carry out so.White lane Lines

White lane lines separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Solitary white lines may also mark the right edge that the pavement.

Broken White Line
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Broken white lines different lines of website traffic going in the very same direction. They might be crossed v care.Solid White LineA solid white heat marks the leaf of the roadway or the end lanes of traffic relocating in the exact same direction. You might travel in the same direction ~ above both political parties of this line, however you have to not cross the line uneven you should do for this reason to avoid a hazard.Double hard White LineDouble heavy white lines suggest that changing lanes is not allowed.Solid with revolve Lane ArrowSolid white currently are supplied for turn lanes and to discourage lane changes near intersections. Arrows are regularly used through the white present to display which turn may be do from the lane.If you space in a lane significant with a bent arrow and the native ONLY, you should turn in the direction that the arrow. If your lane is marked with both a curved and straight arrow, you might either revolve or go straight.

Reversible Lanes

Some highways have reversible web traffic lanes to assist handle rush-hour traffic. The direction of traffic is generally reversed at set times each day. This pavement markings room used along with special lane signals and also other signs and symbols.

A solid white line marks the sheet of the pavement on most roads. Avoid lines, crosswalks and parking spaces are also significant by white lines. Signs such together arrows are in white also. A solitary yellow heat marks the left edge of all split or one-way roadways. Curbs are often significant yellow in no-parking zones near fire hydrants or intersections.

It is unlawful come park in or drive through areas that have actually pavement markings indicating fire lanes or safety and security zones.

The lane marking arrow, in the facility lane in the diagram below, indicates that web traffic in this lane deserve to be reversed in accordance with local traffic controls due to "rush hour" web traffic or various other special website traffic conditions.

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Two-Way Roadway with facility Lane

Two-way roadway v a center lane for left turns in one of two people direction the travel. The specially marked center rotate lane is intended for slowing down and for shelter of turning vehicles and also may not be offered for passing.