Robert Schumann (1810 – 1856) is widely regarded as cornerstone come Germany’s romantic era. Not only was that an achieved composer, he likewise inaugurated and published because that Die Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (the new Journal because that Music), one of the most vital musical publication of the nineteenth century.
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Robert Schumann: Symphony No. 4 in D minor, Op. 120 (revised version, 1851) however amidst his musical and editorial successes, the most life-changing event was probably his marriage to Clara Wieck (1819 – 1896). Wieck go not only stand out together a wife and also mother, bearing him 7 children and caring because that him throughout his years of sickness, she was additionally a talented pianist herself. She urged Schumann to expand his repertoire beyond the piano to incorporate symphonies, and also Symphony No. 4 was written in commemoration of her birthday. She additionally contributed heavily to Schumann’s popular by performing his functions for numerous years after his death.In 1843, the Leipzig Conservatory that Music rental Schumann together a piano professor. Sadly, his neurological troubles inhibited his volume for teaching and composing. Twelve years later, an attempted self-destruction left that confined to a private psychological institute close to Bonn, whereby he pass away 2 years later.
It is commonly rumoured that Schumann had contracted the sexually-transmitted disease syphilis throughout his lifetime. His youth to be a ‘playful’ one, as reflected in numerous piano compositions that he named after different women. It to be not till 1991 the disclosure of his diary entry evidenced that he was undoubtedly diagnosed v syphilis in 1831.Although an autopsy was carried out complying with Schumann’s death, the record had mysteriously unable to do missing. Thus, because that years that was thought he passed away from tertiary syphilis affecting his brain. Yet, it continues to puzzle the medical world why his wife, who had bore him seven children, walk not endure from any symptoms the syphilis, and was even able come perform generally for many years thereafter.The document of the autopsy was finally rediscovered in 1973. Richarz, the director of the hospital in i m sorry Schumann to be admitted, brought out the autopsy. He composed that Schumann’s brain weighed 1336 grams and also showed no indications of shrinkage. Although the lower base the his mind revealed one unknown gelatinous tumor, there to be neither indicators of inflammation nor any type of signs of syphilis. The report had actually supported nobody of the hypotheses surrounding Schumann’s underlying condition in the literature.For this reason, the medical view that Schumann’s fatality changed. The turned out that Schumann has actually been wronged for numerous years—syphilis was not the reason of his mental problems. However, he did suffer from manic depression which resulted in him to fluctuate dramatically in between heightened excitement and severe depression. At time he to be unable to write anything, and at various other times he displayed outrageous productivity. Because that example, in the year that married Wieck he had developed one hundred and also fifty piano pieces. Kreisleriana, Op. 16
Patients the manic depression regularly report emotion invincible throughout episodes of mania. Schumann’s high regard because that his very own musical hallucinations corresponded with this. It might further define why schizophrenia was present amongst his children. Schumann’s bouts of mania and also depression were also reflected in his letters and writings. He signed the name ‘Florestan’ in time of heightened emotions, yet took the name ‘Eusebius’ when severely depressed. Doubters say the his greatest work, ‘Kreisleriana’, actually resembles the 2 poles of his manic depression. The second, fourth and sixth movements are in B-flat major, when the third, fifth and eighth chapters are in G minor; the first three movements are melodically slow and reflective, when the last three space energetic and lively.Besides Schumann, other renowned composers that may likewise have suffered from manic depression incorporate G.F. Handel, O Klemperer and Gioacchino Rossini. Prior to the period of thirty-seven, Rossini wrote 37 operas, however his productivity declined dramatically in the next forty years as soon as severe depression prevailed. Many human being attribute his at an early stage years that heightened creativity to his manic depression.Schumann also suffered indigenous a condition in his right hand i beg your pardon numbed and also stiffened his fingers. He began to complain the this problem from the age of 22 and also was said that prolonged piano-playing would certainly have affected his arms as well. Just like his mental illness, world used come say it was the syphilis. However, just as rumours tainted his beforehand death, syphilis had nothing to carry out with it. Recent medical analyses reveal that Dystonia, a neurological disorder which causes involuntary muscle contractions, was the real cause to blame.References:
Garcia de Yebenes J.
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(1995). Did Robert Schumann have actually Dystonia? Mov Disord. , 413-7.