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Eric Foner, Free Soil, complimentary Labor, free Men: The belief of the Republican Party prior to the Civil war (Oxford: Oxford college Press, 1970).

SYNOPSIS: Foner"s book says that the Republican Party"s ideology centered on the principle of "free labor" and also "the creation and also articulation the an ideology which blended personal and sectional interest with morality so perfectly the it ended up being the many potent political pressure in the nation." (309) Foner treats ideological background as pervasive, a systemic function of nineteenth-century politics. By analyzing the means Republican ideology posed a danger to the an extremely foundations of Southern society and economy, Foner suggests, we can see the root causes of the polite War. Cost-free labor, Foner contends, was so important to Republicans due to the fact that it identified the appropriate of white, laboring, productive citizens to get in the market with their skills, an ideological background in direct confrontation with slavery. Free labor ideology helped carry conservatives closer to radicals in the party, as gradually they pertained to see free labor connected inextricably to cost-free soil and totally free men.

EXCERPT: "When i speak the the Republican ideology, therefore, ns am dealing with the party"s perception of what American society, both North and also South, was prefer in the 1850s, and its see of what the nation"s future need to be." (5)

"The irrepressible problem view is likewise weak when it centers top top the moral problem of slavery, an especially in check out of the distaste the the bulk of northerners for the Negro and also the extensive hostility towards abolitionists. Moral opposition to slavery was certainly one facet of the Republican ideology, but by no way the just one, and also to describe Republicans" actions on an easy moral grounds is to miss out on the full richness of your ideology. And the revisionists deserve to be criticized because that denying completely the urgency that the ethical issue, and also for drastically underestimating the social and also economic differences and conflicts that separated North and South." (5)

"At the center of the Republican ideology was the concept of "free labor." This concept associated not just an mindset toward work but a justification of ante-bellum northern society, and also it led north Republicans to considerable critique of southerly society, which showed up both different from and also inferior to their own. Republicans thought in the presence of a conspiratorial "Slave Power" which had actually seized control of the commonwealth government and also was attempting come pervert the Constitution because that its very own purposes. Two profoundly different and antagonistic civilizations, Republicans therefore believed, had developed within the nation, and also were competing for control of the political system." (9-10)

RELATIONSHIP: we agree through Foner"s explanation that Republican ideology and of the driving prominence of it both in Franklin and also in Augusta. Foner downplays the prestige of gyeongju prejudice and also of nativism in the increase of the republicans to nationwide power, and we discover in Franklin evidence to support him. While there was far-ranging racial prejudice in Franklin and also Republicans there did little to do the moral situation for finishing slavery, there to be a connection between black activism and also the win of the Republicans.


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Nevertheless, Foner"s focus on belief as principally encouraging the Republicans pipeline aside the social context of neighborhood communities.

point out of evaluation to this Historiography:

"In the very first half the 1860 Republican editors in Franklin"s Repository and also Transcript assaulted slavery together a violation the nature the stole indigenous the workingman the fruit of his labor; they focused mainly on slavery"s potential to undermine complimentary labor."

"In the an initial half that 1860 autonomous editors in Franklin ar emphasized slavery"s compatibility v the Northern economic situation and culture and north complicity in the South"s institution."

"In the heat of the project of 1860 both Franklin Democrats and Republicans change their emphasis on slavery."