Nitrogen is present in nearly all proteins and plays important roles in both biothedesigningfairy.comical applications and industrial applications. Nitrogen forms strong bonds because of its capability to type a triple bond with its self, and other elements. Thus, there is a lot of of power in the link of nitrogen. Prior to 100 year ago, tiny was known about nitrogen. Now, nitrogen is commonly used to keep food, and also as a fertilizer.
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Nitrogen is found to have actually either 3 or 5 valence electrons and also lies in ~ the peak of group 15 ~ above the regular table. It have the right to have one of two people 3 or 5 valence electrons due to the fact that it can bond in the outer 2p and also 2s orbitals. Molecular nitrogen (\(N_2\)) is no reactive at standard temperature and pressure and is a colorless and also odorless gas.
Nitrides are compounds the nitrogen v a much less electronegative atom; in other words it"s a compound with atoms that have a less complete valence shell. This compounds kind with lithium and also Group 2 metals. Nitrides usually has an oxidation state of -3.
\<3Mg + N_2 \rightarrow Mg_3N_2 \label1\>
When mixed with water, nitrogen will form ammonia and, this nitride ion acts as a very solid base.
When nitrogen develops with various other compounds it primarily creates covalent bonds. This are generally done with other metals and also look like: MN, M3N, and M4N. These compounds are commonly hard, inert, and have high melting points due to the fact that nitrogen"s capacity to form triple covalent bonds.
Nitrogen goes through fixation through reaction v hydrogen gas end a catalyst. This procedure is offered to produce ammonia. As pointed out earlier, this procedure allows united state to use nitrogen as a fertilizer since it breaks down the solid triple bond held by N2. The renowned Haber-Bosch process for synthetic of ammonia looks like this:
Ammonia is a base and also is additionally used in usual acid-base reactions.
\<2NH_3(aq) + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow (NH_4)_2SO_4(aq) \label4\>
Nitride ions room very strong bases, specifically in aqueous solutions.
Oxides the Nitrogen
Nitrides use a range of various oxidation number from +1 come +5 to because that oxide compounds. Nearly all the oxides that type are gasses, and exist in ~ 25 degrees Celsius. Oxides the nitrogen space acidic and also easily affix protons.
The oxides beat a big role in living organisms. They have the right to be useful, however dangerous.Dinitrogen monoxide (N2O) is a anesthetic used at the dentist as a laughing gas.Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is harmful. It binds to hemoglobin molecule not enabling the molecule to release oxygen throughout the body. It is released from cars and is really harmful.Nitrate (NO3-) is a polyatomic ion.The much more unstable nitrogen oxides permit for space travel.
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Applications the NitrogenNitrogen provides a blanketing because that our environment for the manufacturing of thedesigningfairy.comicals and also electronic compartments.Nitrogen is provided as fertilizer in agriculture to promote growth. Pressurized gas for oil. Refrigerant (such as freezing food fast)Explosives.Metals treatment/protectant via exposure come nitrogen instead of oxygen
ReferencesPetrucci, Ralph H, wilhelm Harwood, and F. Herring. Basic thedesigningfairy.comistry: ethics and modern-day Applications. 8th Ed. New Jersey: Pearson education Inc, 2001.Sadava, David et al. LIFE: The science of Biology. Eighth Edition. Sinauer Associate.Thomas, Jacob. Nitrogen and its Applications to modern Future. San Diego State university Press: 2007.
ProblemsComplete and also balance the complying with equations
N2 + ___H2→ ___NH_
H2N2O2 → ?
2NH3 + CO2 → ?
__Mg + N2 → Mg_N_
N2H5 + H2O → ?What room the various isotopes that Nitrogen?List the oxiadation says of assorted nitrogen oxides: N2O, NO, N2O3, N2O4, N2O5List the different aspects that Nitrogen will react through to make it simple or acidic....Uses of nitrogen