For serious and also not-so-serious athletes alike, stretching is a critical part of playing or practicing a sport. Stretching increases your selection of motion and also flexibility through making your soft tissues, such as muscles and also ligaments, longer by decreasing stiffness. It can also help improve your performance in your sport, assist with soreness after ~ exercise and lower your possibility of injury.

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There are two main varieties of stretches: static stretches and also dynamic stretches. Static stretches are those in which you stand, sit or lie still and also hold a solitary position for period of time, increase to around 45 seconds. Dynamic stretches are controlled movements that prepare your muscles, ligaments and also other soft tissues because that performance and also safety.

Both of these have different purposes and should be used at different times in your workout. Review on for more from physical therapist Leigh-Ann Bramble, PT, DPT, the the sporting activities Rehabilitation and also Performance Center, top top the services of static and also dynamic stretching.

Dynamic Stretching

This type of stretching enhances speed, agility and acceleration. It entails the active tightening of your muscles and moving your joints v their full range of motion throughout the stretch. These functional and sport-specific movements assist increase muscle temperature and decrease muscle stiffness.

Dynamic stretches must be offered as part of your warm-up regimen before any kind of athletic event, even if it is competitive or not. A finish athletic warm-up need to incorporate around 5 come 10 minutes of low- come moderate-intensity swimming, jogging or cycling, followed by dynamic stretching.

Here are some species of dynamic stretching.

Torso twist

Stand with your feet facing forward, as wide as her shoulders, and your arms by your side through a 90-degree bend in her elbows. Save your feet in the very same position and also in a controlled manner, twist her torso native one next to the other. Be certain to move through her trunk and do not force the movement. This practice helps keep your spine mobile and also flexible. Keeping spine versatility is particularly beneficial for athletes the throwing and also hitting sporting activities such together football, baseball, tennis, hockey and also lacrosse.



Walking lunge

Stand with your eight on her waist; take a step forward and lunge, maintaining your former knee in line through your hip and ankle and lowering your ago knee toward the floor without touching. Perform not allow your front knee to drive previous your former toes. Push off the back leg and also step forward v the opposite leg, lunging in the exact same fashion. Interact your ab muscles transparent this practice to protect against arching her back. This help stretch the gluteus, hamstring and hip flexor muscles and also is helpful for all athletes, specifically those playing track-and-field sports, soccer, rugby or football.



Static Stretching

Static stretching needs you to relocate a muscle as far as it can go without feeling any kind of pain, then organize that position for 20 come 45 seconds. You should repeat static stretches two to 3 times each. This is a very effective means to increase flexibility.

Static stretches have to be used as component of your cool-down regimen to assist prevent injury. Using static extending as a maintain stretching regimen will also assist reduce your threat of injury.

But using static stretching in a warm-up before an athletic competition might actually negatively impact your performance. This is because static stretching might limit her body’s capability to react quickly. This condition may last up to two hours in activities such together vertical jumps, brief sprints, balance and reaction speeds.

Here space some examples of revolution stretches.

Posterior capsule stretch

Relax her shoulders, carry one arm across your body and hold it v the various other arm just over the elbow, pulling gently toward your body. This big is for the ago of the shoulder and also is particularly beneficial for all athletes of throwing sporting activities such together football, baseball and basketball.

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Hamstring Stretch

Place one leg on a short stool v your hips and feet dealing with forward. Lean forward from her hips, keeping your back flat and knee directly until you feel a large in the earlier of your thigh. Stretching your hamstrings helps avoid injuries when running.