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What Is the objective Of Meiosis?

Asexual Reproduction: Reproduction in i beg your pardon an biology produces one or an ext clones the itself, such as by fission or budding, or reproduction without the blend of gametes.

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Diploid: A full collection of hereditary material, consists of paired chromosomes one chromosome from each parental set. Most animal cells except the gametes have actually a diploid collection of chromosomes. The diploid human being genome has 46 chromosomes.

Gamete: A mature masculine or mrs germ cabinet possessing a haploid chromosome collection and capable of fusing through a gamete of the contrary sex to produce a fertilized egg.

Gene: The basic physical and functional unit of heredity. A gene is an ordered sequence of nucleotides located in a certain position on a details chromosome that encodes a specific functional product.

Haploid: A single collection of chromosomes (half the full collection of genetic material), current in the egg and sperm cell of animals and also in the egg and also pollen cell of plants. Reproductive cells, like eggs and also sperm, space haploid.

Homologous Chromosomes: 2 chromosomes are said to it is in homologous once they have the same loci in the same positions for all the genes they contain, besides being that the same length. Homologous chromosomes have the same as whole genetic content, and also one member of each homologous pair the chromosomes in inherited from each parent.

Karyotype: A karyotype is the complete collection of all chromosomes of a cabinet of any type of living organism. The chromosomes are arranged and also displayed (often ~ above a photo) in a conventional format: in pairs, ordered by size. Karyotypes room examined in searches because that chromosomal aberrations, and also may be provided to identify other macroscopically visible facets of an individual\"s genotype, such as sex (XX vs. XY pair).

Meiosis: Special type of cell department by which eggs and also sperm cells are made entailing reduction from a diploid to a haploid chromosome set. Two succeeding nuclear departments with only one ring of DNA replication generate 4 haploid cells daughter cell from the early stage diploid cell.

Sexual Reproduction: The process where 2 cells (gametes) fuse to kind one fertilized cabinet or zygote.

How are Haploid cell Formed?

Chiasma: (plural, chiasmata) point of attachment between homologous chromosomes at which crossing end takes place.

Crossing Over: Exchange of hereditary material in between homologous yet non-sister chromatids.

Synapsis: The pairing the replicated homologous chromosomes throughout prophase i of meiosis.

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Tetrad: A paired collection of homologous chromosomes, each composed of 2 sister chromatids. Tetrads form during prophase ns of meiosis.