What is a financial Intermediary?

A jae won intermediary describes an institution that acts together a middleman between two next in order to facilitate a financial transaction. The institutions that are typically referred to as financial intermediaries include commercial banksTop financial institutions in the USAAccording come the us Federal Deposit insurance Corporation, there were 6,799FDIC-insured commercial banks in the USA as of February 2014., investment banks, common funds,Mutual FundsA mutual fund is a swimming pool of money accumulated from countless investors for the purpose of investing in stocks, bonds, or other securities. Mutual funds are owned by a team of investors and managed through professionals. Learn about the various types of fund, how they work, and also benefits and also tradeoffs of investing in them and pension funds. Castle reallocate uninvested resources to abundant sectors that the economy through debts and also equity.

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In an easy terms, jae won intermediaries channel accumulation from people or corporationsCorporationA corporation is a legit entity developed by individuals, stockholders, or shareholders, v the function of operating for profit. Companies are allowed to get in into contracts, sue and be sued, own assets, assigned work federal and also state taxes, and also borrow money native financial institutions. With surplus resources to other people or corporations that call for cash to bring out details economic activities.

Functions of jae won Intermediaries

A gaue won intermediary performs the adhering to functions:

Asset storage

Commercial banks provide safe storage because that both cash (notes and also coins), and also precious steels such together gold and silver. Depositors room issued deposit cards, deposit slips, checks, and credit cards that they deserve to use to accessibility their funds. The bank also provides depositors with records of withdrawals, deposits, and also direct payments they have authorized. Come ensure the depositors’ funds are safe, the federal Deposit insurance money Corporation (FDIC)Federal Deposit insurance Corporation (FDIC)The commonwealth Deposit insurance allowance Corporation (FDIC) is a government institution that gives deposit insurance against bank failure. The body was created requires deposit-taking financial intermediaries to insure the funds deposited with them.

Providing loans

Advancing short-term and also long-term loans is the core service of jae won intermediaries. They channel accumulation from depositors with surplus cash to people who are looking to borrow money. Borrowers frequently take out loans to purchase capital-intensive assets together as company premises, automobiles, and factory equipment.

Intermediaries advancement the loans at interest, several of which they pay the depositors who funds have been used. The remaining amount of attention is retained as profits. Borrowers undergo screening to identify their creditworthiness and also their capability to repay the loan.


Some jae won intermediaries, such as common funds and investment banks, employ in-house investment professionals who assist clients flourish their investments. The firms leverage their industry experience and also dozens of invest portfolios to discover the best investments the maximize returns and reduce risk.

The types of investments selection from share to actual estate, Treasury bills, and financial derivatives. Sometimes, intermediaries invest their clients’ funds and pay castle an yearly interest for a pre-agreed period of time. Except managing client funds, lock also carry out investment and financial advice to help them select ideal investments.

Benefits of financial Intermediaries

Financial intermediaries offerthe complying with advantages:

Spreading risk

Financial intermediaries provide a communication where individuals with surplus cash deserve to spread their danger by loan to several people rather 보다 to only one individual. Loan to simply one human comes v a higher level that risk. Depositing surplus funds v a financial intermediary allows institutions to loan to miscellaneous screened borrowers. This to reduce the risk of loss through default. The very same risk reduction model uses to insurance money companies. They collect premiums from client and provide policy benefits if clients are impacted by unforeseeable occasions like accidents, death, and disease.

Economies of scale

Financial intermediaries enjoy economic situations of scaleEconomies that ScaleEconomies the scale describe the cost advantage experienced by a firm when it increases its level the output.The benefit arises because of the because they can take deposits native a big number of customers and lend money come multiple borrowers. The practice helps to reduce the as whole operating expenses that lock incur in your normal organization routines. Uneven borrowing from people with poor funds come loan the asked for amount, financial establishments can regularly access huge amounts of fluid cash that they deserve to loan to individuals with a strong credit rating.

Economies that scope

Intermediaries frequently offer a selection of devoted services to clients. This permits them to boost their assets to cater to the requirements of different varieties of clients. For example, once commercial financial institutions are lending out money, they can customize the loan packages to suit little and big borrowers. Tiny and tool enterprises often consist of the bulk of borrowers. Prepare packages that suit their demands can help banks flourish their customer base.

Similarly, insurance service providers enjoy economies of scopeEconomies the ScopeEconomies of border is an economic principle that describes the diminish in the total cost that production when a selection of products are produced together quite than separately. In supplying insurance packages. It enables them to boost their products and services to meet the demands of a certain category of customers together as human being suffering indigenous chronic illnesses or senior citizens.

Examples of gaue won Intermediaries


A financial institution is a gaue won intermediary the is license is granted to expropriate deposits from the public and create credit products for borrowers. Financial institutions are highly regulated by governments, as result of the role they play in financial stability. Castle are likewise subject come minimum capital requirements based on a set of global standards recognized as the Basel Accords.

Credit union

A credit union is a form of financial institution that is member-owned. The operates top top the rule of helping members access credit at competitive rates. Uneven banks, credit unions are created to serve their members and not necessarily for benefit purposes. Credit transaction unions case to provide a wide variety of loan and also saving products at a relatively lower price than other financial institutions offer. They space governed through a board of directors, that are elected by the members.

Mutual funds

Mutual funds swimming pool savings from separation, personal, instance investors. Castle are managed by fund managers who determine investments with the potential the earning a high rate of return and who clues the shareholders’ accumulation to the assorted investments. This permits individual investor to benefit from returns that they would not have actually earned had actually they invested independently.

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Financial advisors

A financial torture is an intermediary who offers financial solutions to clients. In many countries, jae won advisors should undergo special training and obtain licenses before they have the right to offerconsultancy services. In the U.S., the Financial sector Regulatory Authority offers the collection 65 or 66 licenses for invest professionals, including financial advisors.

Additional Resources

Thank you for reading CFI’s explanation of a financial Intermediary. CFI is a top provider of accounting, financial analysis and modeling courses, consisting of the gaue won Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™Become a Certified jae won Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)®CFI"s gaue won Modeling and also Valuation Analyst (FMVA)® certification will help you gain the to trust you require in her finance career. Enroll today! certification program. Come help advance your career, examine out the extr CFI resources below: