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As a PMP candidate you must have a firm grasp on what constitutes a project. Which one of the following is not an attribute of a project?

A. Definite starting date

B. Has no definite end date

C. Creates a product, service, or result

D. Requires resources


B. A project does have a definite end date; operations do not.

A, C, and D are all incorrect because projects do have a definite starting date; they do create a unique product, service, or changes to an environment; and all projects require resources.


You are a project manager for Johnson Keyboards, Inc. Your organization has adapted the PMBOK Guide as a standard tool for how projects should operate, and you are involved in shaping the standardization for all future projects. In light of this information, what is the recommended course of action for the processes and procedures in the PMBOK Guide?

A. Not all processes and procedures in the PMBOK Guide are actually required on all projects.

B. All processes and procedures are to be followed as defined in the PMBOK Guide.

C. Not all processes and procedures are needed, unless the PMBOK Guide states the process or procedure is a requirement for the project type.

D. All processes and procedures are to be followed as identified in the PMBOK Guide; other wise, the PMP is in violation of the PMP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct.


A. Not all information in the PMBOK Guide should be applied uniformly to all projects. It is the responsibility of the project management team to determine what practices are appropriate for each project.

B, C, and D are all false statements regarding the implementation of the PMBOK Guide.


Nancy is the project manager of the INCORP1 Project. She and the stakeholders created a scope two months ago, but since then the scope has evolved and now provides much more detail about the project. The process of the scope evolving is also known as which one of the following terms?

A. Decomposition

B. Scope verification

C. Scope creep

D. Progressive elaboration


D. Progressive elaboration is a term used to describe the development that happens in incremental steps. The project scope is the most common example of progressive elaboration, but the WBS, product description, and even the project plan can pass through progressive elaboration.

A is incorrect because decomposition is the term used to describe the creation of the work breakdown structure. B, scope verification, is incorrect because this term describes the process to verify that the deliverable matches what the scope promised to create. C, scope creep, describes small, unauthorized changes to the project scope.


You are explaining to a junior engineer the difference between a project and operations. Which one of the following is true only of operations?

A. They are performed by people.

B. They are constrained by limited resources.

C. They are ongoing.

D. They are planned, executed, and controlled.


C. Projects are temporary; they do not go on forever.

A, B, and D are all incorrect, because projects and operations are performed by people; are constrained by limited resources; and are planned, executed, and controlled.


You are the project manager for your company, Mark Manufacturers. Your company has a large client that has requested a special component be created for one of their test engines. Your organization agrees and creates a standard contract with the customer, and your manager assigns you to manage this project. The project was launched because of which one of the following?

A. A customer request

B. A change in the technology your customer is creating

C. A legal requirement (contractual)

D. An organizational need


A. This project was launched because the customer requested the new component.

B is incorrect because the project is not a response to a change in technology, but a customer request. C, a legal requirement, is not correct because this actually refers to a law or mandated regulation that has been created. D, an organizational need, typically refers to a project to improve the performance of the organization.


Project managers are not responsible for which one of the following in most organizations?

A. Identifying the project requirements

B. Selecting the projects to be initiated

C. Balancing demands for time, cost, scope, and quality

D. Establishing clear and achievable project objectives


B. Project managers typically do not select which projects are to be initiated. The project selection committee, customers, or project sponsors are typically responsible for this.

A, C, and D are all incorrect because the project manager is responsible for these activities.


You and William, a project stakeholder, are discussing risks within your project. Which one of the following best describes risk?

A. Any event that can cause your project to fail

B. Any event that may have a positive or negative effect on your project’s team

C. An uncertain event that may have a positive or negative effect on your project

D. An event that will cause time and cost constraints to be broken


C. Risk is an uncertain event that can have positive or negative effects on your project.

A, B, and D are characteristics of risk, but the best choice is C because risk is uncertain and may have a positive or negative effect on the project.


You are the project manager for a large software development project. You have concerns that one of the components of the Iron Triangle is slipping. Your project sponsor, Jim Bob, is not familiar with the Iron Triangle, so you explain the concept to him. What will be affected if any angle of the Iron Triangle is not kept in balance?

A. Cost

B. Quality

C. Time

D. Scope


B. If any angle of the Iron Triangle is changed, the quality of the project will suffer.

A, C, and D are incorrect because these are the three sides of the Iron Triangle. These three sides must be kept in balance or quality will suffer.


Which knowledge area includes the creation of the project charter?

A. Project scope management

B. Project cost management

C. Project integration management

D. Project communications management


C. Project integration management, which focuses on the coordination of all components of project management, includes the development of the project charter.

A is incorrect because project scope management focuses on the creation and control of the project scope. B, project cost management, is incorrect because its role is to manage, control, and respond to the financial concerns within the project. D, project communications management, focuses on who needs what information, when is it needed, and in what modality.


You and your project team are located in Des Moines, Iowa, but your project execution will take place in Mexico. You have valid concerns about the interactions with the stakeholders, including time zone differences; language barriers; the different laws that could affect your project; and the logistics of travel, face-to-face meetings, and even teleconferencing. Which of the following project environments are you concerned with most?

A. Cultural and social

B. International and political

C. Physical

D. Organizational structure


B. All of the concerns listed fall into the international and political environment.

A is incorrect because cultural and social describes the demographic, educational, and ethical environment. C, physical, is concerned with the ecology and geography affected by the project. D, organizational structure, is not a project environment.


Which one of the following is not a general management skill?

A. Motivating the project team

B. Purchasing and procurement

C. Sales and marketing

D. Contracts and commercial law


A. Motivation is actually an interpersonal skill that the project manager must have to inspire and energize the project team.

B, C, and D are all incorrect because these are general management skills the project manager must have to manage a project successfully. Management skills are always about getting the project work done. Interpersonal skills, sometimes called soft skills, are about inspiring, leading, and directing the project team and people to do what’s required of them.


Which one of the following statements best defines the difference between a program and portfolios in regard to scope?

A. Programs do not have scopes because they are made up of projects. Portfolios have an organizational scope.

B. Programs have larger scopes than projects. Portfolios have an organizational scope.

C. Programs have larger scopes than projects. Portfolios don’t have scopes because they are a financial investment.

D. Programs and portfolios can share the same scope because a portfolio may have two or more programs.


C. A program is a collection of related projects managed and coordinated to gain a higher level of control.

A, B, and D do not accurately describe a program. Note that D is not the best answer because programs typically create many deliverables and benefits—rarely just one deliverable.


Which one of the following statements best defines the difference between a program and portfolios in regard to scope?

A. Programs do not have scopes because they are made up of projects. Portfolios have an organizational scope.

B. Programs have larger scopes than projects. Portfolios have an organizational scope.

C. Programs have larger scopes than projects. Portfolios don’t have scopes because they are a financial investment.

D. Programs and portfolios can share the same scope because a portfolio may have two or more programs.


B. Portfolios have an organizational scope that reflects the strategic goals of the

organization. Programs have larger scopes than projects and may be part of portfolios.

A is incorrect because programs do have scopes. C is incorrect because portfolios do have organizational scopes. D is incorrect because programs and portfolios won’t have the same scope. Programs may be part of a portfolio, but portfolios have an organizational scope.


Who is usually responsible for portfolio management within an organization?

A. Project managers

B. Project sponsors

C. Stakeholders

D. Senior management


D. Senior management is responsible for portfolio management.

A is incorrect because project managers are responsible for a project’s success, but not for the portfolio. B, project sponsors, authorize projects. C, stakeholders, is incorrect because stakeholders is too vague to be an acceptable answer.


You are the project manager of a large project to install 1900 kiosks throughout college campuses in North America. The kiosks will collect applications for credit cards, phone services, and other services marketable to college students. The bulk of your project is focused on the information technology integration, the wide area network (WAN) connections from each kiosk, security of the data transferred, and the database of the information gathered. For ease of management, you have hired local contractors to install the kiosks that you will ship to each campus. The contractors on each campus will be responsible for the WAN connection, the electrical connection, the security of the kiosk, and all testing. The local contracted work could be called what?

A. Risk mitigation

B. Operations

C. Subprojects

D. Management by projects


C is the best answer because work that is subcontracted out for ease of management, as in this situation, becomes a subproject.

A is incorrect because risk mitigation describes the measures a project manager takes to reduce or eliminate risks. The scenario did not provide enough information to determine what risks would have been mitigated. B, operations, is incorrect because it does not describe this scenario at all. D, Management by projects, is incorrect because this term describes a company that operates through projects. There is no indication that this is true with the scenario presented.


Where can a project manager expect software, templates, and standardized policies?

A. A project management office

B. With the stakeholders

C. Human resources

D. The project budget


A. The project management office (PMO) supports the project manager through templates, standardized policies, and software.

B, C, and D do not fully answer the question, so these answers are incorrect.


Which of the following is likely to be part of an operation?

A. Providing electricity to a community

B. Designing an electrical grid for a new community

C. Building a new dam as a source for electricity

D. Informing the public about changes at the electrical company


A. An electrical company’s primary operation is to provide electricity.

B and C are projects. Although D, providing information, could potentially be part of an ongoing operation, A is still the best answer presented.


Of the following, which one is not part of project integration management?

A. The creation of the project plan

B. The interaction between project teams

C. The execution of the project plan

D. The documentation of changes to the project plan


B. Project integration management focuses on the project plan and its implementation, not the interaction between project teams.

Although B could, in some instances, be considered accurate if the project plan had some interaction with other project teams, the assumption cannot be made in this question. A, C, and D are all part of project integration management, so they are not valid answers.


Which one of the following describes the physical environment for a construction project?

A. The terrain where the construction will take place

B. The approval of the blueprints for the building

C. The demographics of the community where the construction will take place

D. The laws that govern where the building may take place


A. The physical environment describes the effects on and by the ecology and geography of the area where the project will take place.

B describes the requirements and technical documents for the project plan. C describes the cultural and social environment of the project. D describes the international and political environment of where the project will take place.


You are a new project manager in a company that uses a project management office. Which project management office has the most control over your role as a project manager?

A. Supportive

B. Controlling

C. Directive

D. Authoritative


C. The directive project management office has the most control over the project manager. It takes control of the project, rather than just supporting the project manager.

A is incorrect because the supportive project management office has the least control over the project manager. B is incorrect because a controlling project management office has a moderate amount of control over the project manager. D, authoritative, is also incorrect because this isn’t a valid term to describe a project management office.


What is the difference between a standard and a regulation?

A. Standards and regulations are the same.

B. Standards are regulated by specific industries; regulations are laws.

C. Standards are optional; regulations are required.

D. Standards are required; regulations are laws.


C. Standards are optional and may sometimes be called guidelines. Regulations are not optional and are typically enforced by laws.

A, B, and D are all incorrect because they do not accurately describe standards and regulations.


The project manager typically devotes the most amount of time to which of the following tasks?

A. Communications

B. Budget management

C. Project organization

D. Management of team negotiations


A. It’s been said that project managers spend 90 percent of their time communicating.

B, C, and D are all incorrect because the project manager does not devote most of his time to these tasks.


You have an excellent idea for a new project that can increase productivity by 20 percent in your organization. Management, however, declines to approve the proposed project because too many resources are already devoted to other projects. You have just experienced what?

A. Parametric modeling

B. Management by exception

C. Project portfolio management

D. Management reserve


C. Project portfolio management is the process of choosing and prioritizing projects within an organization. An excellent project idea can still be denied if there aren’t enough resources to complete the project work.

A is incorrect because it is a model to estimate costs, such as cost per ton or cost per hour. B is incorrect because this is a management theory to manage people and problems. D is incorrect because management reserve is an amount of time and money reserved for projects running late or over budget.


Which one of the following is an interpersonal skill a project manager must have to be successful?

A. Sales and marketing

B. Leadership

C. Health and safety practices

D. Information technology experience


B. Leadership is the only interpersonal skill listed.

A, C, and D are incorrect because these are general management skills and not interpersonal skills.


Of the following, which is the most important stakeholder involved with a project?

A. The project manager

B. The project sponsor

C. The CEO

D. The customer


D. Customers, internal or external, are the most important stakeholders in a project.

See more: Building: 599 Lexington Avenue New York Ny 10022, 599 Lexington Avenue

A is incorrect because the project manager manages the project for the customer. B is incorrect because the project sponsor authorizes the project. C is incorrect because the CEO may not even know about the project—and even then she would be interested in the success of the project for the customer.


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