These space imaginary lines drawn on maps and also globes to help us recognize our location. Every line has it’s own number, and also where two lines cross, over there is a collection of numbers linked with that location dubbed a coordinate. That a lot choose playing battleship, wherein you use numbers and letters to uncover where you think the various other player’s pieces could be.

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The earth is round so we measure latitude and also longitude through degrees just like we did v our compass. Currently of Latitude are referred to as Parallels that Latitude, because every one of these lines are parallel to each other. The latitude i m sorry most human being are acquainted with is the equator. This is 0 degrees latitude and it divides the world into the Northern and also Southern hemispheres. The north Pole is referred to as latitude 90 degrees north.

Lines the Longitude are referred to as Meridians the Longitude. These lines space not parallel to each other. Lock come closer and also closer to each various other as they technique the north and south poles, where they every meet. Zero degrees longitude is described as the prime Meridian, and it passes with Greenwich England. The reason zero passes through Greenwich is since the English were some of the first people to start using latitude and also longitude together they travel throughout the civilization and, in ~ the time, Greenwich was crucial center for the study of science and astronomy.

When us measure distances on land, we usage smaller and smaller measurements to do things much more and more accurate. Because that example, miles have the right to be split into yards, which have the right to be separated into feet, which deserve to be split into inches. When we measure things using latitude and longitude, we start with the huge measurement the degrees, and go smaller and also smaller by making use of minutes and also seconds. There are 60 seconds in a minute, and also 60 minutes in a degree. This terms have the right to be a small confusing because the degrees don’t have anything to perform with temperature, and the minutes, and seconds don’t have anything to carry out with time.

Nautical miles are what we use to measure street as we travel on the water. The is different from the measure of a mile the we usage on land, which is sometimes called a state mile. A state mile is 5280 feet, yet a nautical mile is 6067.1 feet. Although castle are really close the difference is really important, due to the fact that one minute of latitude is equal to one nautical mile.

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Questions: click the question to watch the answer

Who created the ide of latitude and also longitude?

Name three nations that are found along the equator. (you will need to look in ~ a world map)