a. Took obligation for reforming the religious life of his kingdom simply as that reformed that is government.

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b. Was careful to watch the distinctions between religious and political authority established by Saint Augustine that Hippo.

c. Put the Frankish church under the control of the pope, if he rule the kingdom politically.

d. Became a monk in ~ the end of his life, therefore ensuring his very own salvation.

e. Created his realm as a theocratic state ruled by the laws set forth in the Bible.

took duty for reforming the spiritual life that his kingdom simply as that reformed its government


Why did Justinian try to reconquer the western roman inn Empire?

a. The Persians had been defeated in the East, for this reason he could safely start military explorations to the West.

b. He thought that he should be the head the a merged Christian church.

c. He required to keep his army as far away indigenous his funding as possible.

d. The sought come revive and reconstruct wholly the old empire.

e. His realm required continuing occupations in order come prosper.

because that sought to revive and also reconstruct completely the old empire


A pandemic damaged out in 541–42 i beg your pardon has come to be known as:

a. The sickness that the East.

b. The scourge that the Goths.

c. Belisarius’s gift.

d. God’s Revenge.

e. The Justinianic Plague.

the Justinianic Plague.


The Carolingian Empire broke down during the 9th century:

a. Because of the department of the empire amongst all the legit heirs of Louis and the Frankish aristocracy’s dissatisfaction v the fractured main authority.

b. The decline of the moral behavior of Charlemagne’s heirs.

c. Islamic penetration that its southerly frontier.

d. Because the Byzantines attacked to punishment Charlemagne because that accepting the location of emperor.

e. Russian press in the eastern pushing various other tribes towards Italy.

because the the department of the empire among all the legit heirs of Louis and also the Frankish aristocracy"s dissatisfaction v the fractured main authority.


One result of the campaigns of Belisarius in phibìc Africa and also Italy was:

a. The alliance the the Vandals and also the Visigoths against the Romans.

b. His successful seizure that power ago in Constantinople.

c. The weakening that Constantinople versus the Sassanids.

d. The near extinction of the Christian confidence in the West.

e. The advance of a affluent and an effective Italy.

the weakening of Constantinople versus the Sassanids.


The stability of byzantine government was the product of:

a. An reliable bureaucracy.

b. The function of the monasteries in byzantine politics.

c. A predictable device of succession to the royal throne.

d. Control not controlled wages and prices.

e. A highly centralized palace government.

an efficient bureaucracy.


In the late sixth century C.E., the economy of Arabia:

a. Was virtually nonexistent due to Arabia’s domination by the oriental Empire.

b. Was still almost entirely made up of nomadic Bedouins.

c. Was based upon the production of figs, wool, and goats at desert oases.

d. Remained in a state that crisis brought on by the invasion of Huns.

e. Came to be much much more commercially innovative as a an outcome of the wars in between Byzantium and also Persia changing trade routes.

became much much more commercially advanced as a result of the wars between Byzantium and Persia changing trade routes.


It is an overwhelming to day the start of Byzantine background with precision because:

a. Greek to be the just language ever used by Roman queens in Constantinople.

b. Justinian resisted new forms of thought and art transparent his life.

c. It began during the so-called Dark Ages throughout which very few records were kept.

d. Constantine never administered the Roman realm from Constantinople.

e. The oriental Empire was the uninterrupted successor of the roman inn Empire.

the oriental Empire to be the uninterrupted successor of the roman inn Empire.


Underlying the Carolingian Renaissance was the an easy conviction that:

a. Initial Latin poetry and also epic literary works were the highest kind of art.

b. To be much better Christians, everyone have to pray and devote their stays to the Church.

c. The holy bible could be finest appreciated if the were analyzed into robust French and German idioms.

d. Appropriate Christian doctrine have to be commonly disseminated and also heretical ideas should be strictly punished.

e. Timeless learning was the structure on i beg your pardon Christian wisdom rested.

classical finding out was the foundation on which Christian wisdom rested.


Pope Gregory I:

a. Refuse the use of penance.

b. Totally accepted the religious authority of the patriarch of Constantinople.

c. Walk not care at every for abbeys or how they to be operated.

d. Failure to protect the papacy against the Lombards.

e. Significantly advanced Benedictine monasticism as the major monastic activity in the West.

significantly progressed Benedictine monasticism together the significant monastic movement in the West.


Many the the local populations in Byzantium and also Persia:

a. Regarded the Arab armies as deliverers.

b. Made decision to go suicide fairly than accept Arab rule.

c. Were automatically forced to transform to Islam when they dropped into Arab hands. D. Were even more heavily taxed by the Arabs 보다 previously.

e. Convert Arab soldiers to either Christianity or Zoroastrianism.

viewed the Arab armies as deliverers.


The early byzantine religion was well-known for its:

a. Extreme interest in problem of doctrine and also orthodoxy.

b. Rejection of the emperor together the leader of the Church.

c. Doctrinal merger of elements from Christianity and Islam.

d. Beautifully decorated churches.

e. Capacity to enforce spiritual doctrine throughout the eastern empire.

intense attention in problem of doctrine and also orthodoxy.


The oriental economy in the at an early stage Middle periods was:

a. Subject to wild fluctuations early to currency debasement.

b. Depressed as result of being cut off from profession with north Europe.

c. Industrially underdeveloped.

d. Renowned because that its use of record money.

e. Highly regulated, including wage and price controls.

highly regulated, including wage and also price controls.


Why to be so plenty of convents (monastic dwellings for women) founded throughout the saturday century C.E.?

a. Convents met a selection of social and spiritual demands for aristocratic families. B. Lower-class females flocked come convents together an improvement on the drudgery of your lives.

c. Nuns were the only women allowed to become priests.

d. Convents to be a method for the families that established them to make money.

e. All of these.

Convents met a variety of social and also spiritual requirements for aristocratic families.


In 800 Charlemagne:

a. Enforcement Alcuin of York for treason.

b. Created his most famous monastery in Paris.

c. Welcomed the crown and title of holy Roman emperor.

d. Died without an heir.

e. Invaded Byzantium.

accepted the crown and title of holy Roman emperor.


An important figure who established several Merovingian abbeys was:

a. Clovis.

b. Aethelbert.

c. Columbanus.

d. Gregory that Scotland.

e. Pepin.



Why go the Romans the Italy and North Africa resent Justinian’s initiatives to "liberate" them?

a. There was a heavy cost in taxes and also lives.

b. Lock sought to be their very own Roman empire independent that the eastern roman Empire.

c. Castle had already formed democratic republics.

d. The rule of the Ostrogoths was much more liberal and tolerant than Byzantium.

e. Castle had already left the Christian religion and also were contents without it.

There to be a heavy price in taxes and also lives.


The militaries of Abu-Bakr to be able to expand Islam northward the end of Arabia largely due to the fact that of:

a. The assistance Jewish communities gave to Arab armies during sieges that cities.

b. The superior speed of camels over equines in battle.

c. Far better steel weapons.

d. The alliance the Persian forces against Byzantium.

e. The weak of Byzantine and also Persian armies because of their wars versus each other.

the weakness of Byzantine and Persian armies because of their wars versus each other.


Charlemagne was able to contain Umayyad power in Europe by:

a. Proactively supporting the eastern empire in Constantinople.

b. Illustration upon Scandinavian armies to aid defend his frontiers.

c. Keeping diplomatic and trade connections with its rival the Abbasid Caliphate.

d. Supporting a variety of rebellions by phibìc Africans against Islam.

e. Converting to Islam himself.

maintaining diplomatic and trade relationships with its competitor the Abbasid Caliphate.


One difference in between Islam and Christianity is that:

a. Christianity observed Islam together a reform variation of itself.

b. Christians did no discriminate versus Jews and also Islam did.

c. Islam did not accept the teachings of any type of of the Jewish or Christian prophets.

d. Islam accepted icons even much more enthusiastically than Christianity did.

e. Islam has no sacraments or priests.

Islam has actually no sacraments or priests.


Local lords and also chieftains often granted monasteries special privileges:

a. To combine them against the evangelism of Islam.

b. Because monasteries frequently played a an essential role in economic advancement and prosperity in a region.

c. Come foster the medical research monasteries carried out to discover cures for the plague.

d. In order to get God’s favor versus invading eastern hordes.

e. Since wealth was taken into consideration a cardinal sin.

because monasteries regularly played a crucial role in economic advancement and prosperity in a region.


The human being who took advantage of the weakness of Italy as result of Justinian’s policies of reconquest were the:

a. Ostrogoths.

b. Lombards.

c. Sassinids.

d. Franks.

e. Vandals.



As a result of the Iconoclastic Controversy:

a. Politics legitimacy to be fundamentally attached to the defense of religious tradition.

b. The eastern Church broke into two distinctive sects.

c. All artwork and also images in the eastern Church to be banned from in ~ churches.

d. Eastern kings were compelled to be totally neutral once it came to religious matters.

e. The leader of Christianity in the West came to be the dominant faction in the eastern Church.

political legitimacy to be fundamentally connected to the defense of religious tradition.


Byzantine abbeys were deeply involved in the Iconoclastic controversy because:

a. Castle were major producers that icons, therefore they supported the use of photos in the faith.

b. Castle thought symbols distracted human being from focusing on God.

c. Castle faithfully sustained Leo III.

d. Castle resented the revenues the secular industries made from producing the icons.

e. Lock taught the the use of icons was a form of black color magic.

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they were significant producers of icons, so they supported the use of images in the faith.


Prior to Muhammad start to teach his prophecy and his brand-new faith the Arabs: